سونات مهتاب برای جولیتا گیچاردی

سونات مهتاب برای جولیتا گیچاردی

 

آهنگی که بتهوون برای معشوقه اش جولیا  ساخت

کنتس جولیتا گیچاردی (1784 تا 1856) 72 سال عمرکرده

Countess Giulietta GUICCIARDI (1784-1856).
Cousin of the Brunsvik sisters.

وی شاگرد بتهون در حوالی سال 1801 بود . بتهون سونات مهتاب را به این خانوم تقدیم کرد. عشق آنی او به بتهون باعث شد که تصویرش برای همیشه درذ زندگی آهنگساز باقی بماند . ولی اودر سال 1803  با کنت روبرت فون گالن برگین ازدواج کرد که از نظر مالی ثروتمندتر از بتهون آهنگساز بود .
Beethoven's student around 1801. He dedicated the 'Moonlight Sonata' to her. Momentarily in love with Beethoven, she had a portrait done for him which he kept all his life. But she married Count Robert von Gallenbergin in 1803, who was wealthier than the composer.
Nevertheless, Schindler is mistaken in the date of the letter. It having been dated 1812; this idea is no longer plausible.
She was proposed as the possible Immortal Beloved by Anton SCHINDLER - 1840.

سونات مهتاب (Moonlight Sonata) از شاهکارهای موسیقی کلاسیکه که بتهوون اون رو در وصف معشوقه اش  ساخته. موسیقی بسیار زیبا و خاصیه...

بتهوون هیچ گاه ازدواج نکرد که زنی داشته باشه.این آهنگ و بتهوون برای یکی از اشراف زادگان بنام  جولیا در اوایل جوانی نوشته.بتهوون خیلی جولیا رو دوست داشت و می خواست به وسیله ی این آهنگ از اون خواستگاری کنه.اما جولیا به بتهوون بی وفایی می کنه و خواستگار شاهزاده اش رو به بتهوون فقیر ترجیح میده و در نهایت ازدواج می کنه و از شهر میره.بتهوون می مونه و تنهایی های خودش.

جولیتا گیچاردی.بعدها اومد تا از بتهوون دلجویی کنه اما بتهوون بهش توجهی نکرد

در مورده اون میگه اون دشمن بود و اگه زندگیمو وقت اون می کردم به چیزهای والا تر نمی رسیدم. بتهوون از محبوبیت بیش از حد این سونات ناراحت بود.به نقل از کتاب سلوک روحی بتهوون.

جولیتا گیچاردی – 1784 تا 1856 ( 72 سال )

Giulietta Guicciardi (1784-1856), Beethoven and Moonlight Sonata

Beethoven took Countess Giulietta Guicciardi on as a pupil in around 1801 and soon fell in love with her. His Sonata Op. 27 no. 2, 'Moonlight Sonata' is dedicated to her...

Sonata Op. 27 no. 2 was published in 1802 under the title Sonata quasi una Fantasia, but is known today as the Moonlight Sonata after the German music critic Ludwig Rellstab wrote that it reminded him of the moon setting over Lake Lucerne.

It is certain that Beethoven proposed marriage to Giulietta, and that she was inclined to accept. One of her parents was in favour of the match.

But the other - probably her father - forbade her to marry a man "without rank, fortune or permanent engagement; a man, too, of character and temperament so peculiar, and afflicted with the incipient stages of an infirmity which, if not arrested and cured, must deprive him of all hope of obtaining any high and remunerative official appointment and at length compel him to abandon his career as the great pianoforte virtuoso". (Thayer's Life of Beethoven)

جولیتا در سوم نوامبر 1803 با کنت ونزل روبرت گالن برگ آهنگساز فعال باله و گهگاهی هم موسیقی های مناسبتی ازدواج کرد. زوج تازه ازدواج کرده در بهار 1806 به ایتالیا رفته و در شهرناپل ساکن شدند جایی که گالن برگ برای مراسم جوزف بناپارت که حکومت سییسیل را بدست گرفته بود آهنگسازی کند . در اواخر 1821 او رهبری اپرای سلطنتی وین را بر عهده داشت و این زوج به وین برگشته ولی شواهدی وجود نداردکه بتهون دوباره رابطه اش را با این عشق سابقش تجدید کرده باشد.

Giulietta married instead Count Wenzel Robert Gallenberg, a prolific composer of ballet and occasional music, on 3rd November 1803. The newly married couple left for Italy and were in Naples in the spring of 1806 - there Gallenberg composed music for the fête celebrating Joseph Bonaparte's assumption of the crown of the two Sicilies. In late 1821 he was made an associate director of the Royal Imperial Opera in Vienna, and the couple returned to Vienna, but there is no evidence that Beethoven renewed his friendship with his old flame.

 

This would be the extent of my knowledge of Giulietta Guicciardi, were I not to have made the acquaintance of Lady Chelwood, widow of a former member of the House of Lords, now living in Sussex in England.

 

Pia Chelwood, who is Austrian, is directly descended from Giulietta. She informed me that Gallenberg was impotent and that Giulietta had a lover by whom she had several children. Pia is a direct descendant of Giulietta's illegitmiate son! At her home she has a white marble bust of Giulietta that was sculpted from life. Bonnie and I visited her there, where I took this picture of Pia with the bust of her ancestor.

........ترجمه از محمد توکلی – 28 مرداد ماه 1396 – ممکو

منبع :

http://www.classicfm.com/composers/beethoven/guides/beethovens-friends-giulietta-guicciardi-1784-1856/

http://www.lvbeethoven.com/Amours/ImmortalBeloved.html

 

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